Carotid artery stenosis, sometimes called carotid artery disease is a narrowing of the inner wall of the carotid artery. The narrowing is usually caused by deposits of cholesterol and fatty substances.
The carotid artery is the large artery on both sides of the neck. The internal carotid artery supplies the brain and the external carotid artery supplies the face. The fork of the internal and external artery is a common site for atherosclerosis.
Clinically, risk of stroke from carotid stenosis is evaluated by the presence or absence of symptoms and the degree of stenosis on imaging. Auscultation can also be used for preliminary evaluation of carotid artery disease, to be followed by ultrasound imaging.
The patient cases provide a content for practicing carotid artery exams. Each case consists of multiple pages which summarize patient history, heart and carotid bruit sounds, lab results and diagnosis.
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