Third Heart Sound Gallop - Abnormal Auscultation Reference

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heart lung sounds waveform patient normal speed
heart lung sounds waveform patient half speed
heart lung sounds waveform synthetic

Lesson

For heart sounds listen to the synthetic sound while reviewing this lesson.

A third heart sound occurs early in diastole. In young people and athletes it is a normal phenomenon. In older individuals it indicates the presence of congestive heart failure.

The third heart sound is caused by a sudden deceleration of blood flow into the left ventricle from the left atrium. In the anatomy tab you will see a thin-walled, dilated left ventricle with generalized decreased vigor of contraction.

In the presence of a third heart sound (S3) the first heart sound is decreased in intensity while the second heart sound is increased in intensity.

The third heart sound is a low frequency sound best heard with the bell of the stethoscope pressed lightly on the skin of the chest.

As you listen to this sound, observe the waveform. This is a graph of sound amplitude (loudness) on the vertical axis vs time on the horizontal axis.


Additional Listening Tips

S1: Reduced intensity.
S2: Increased intensity.
Diastole: S3 early in diastole, low pitched, heard during expiration.

Auscultation Method

maneuver
The recommended patient position is supine
torso
For this sound, use stethoscope's bell The recommended auscultation position for the stethoscope is mitral



Relevant Courses

If you wish to review a complete mobile concerning Third Heart Sound Gallop - Abnormal Auscultation Reference and related heart sounds, the modules(s) listed below may be useful. Each lesson includes text that explains the auscultatory sound and its clinical significance. The lesson also includes an audio track for playback. A waveform provides a great way to visualize the sounds. Finally, we also include an animation video. For heart sounds, the video illustrates heart muscle and valve movements along with blood flow. For lung sounds, the primary source of the sounds can be seen. Each module also includes a quiz.

Third Heart Sound Gallop - Abnormal Auscultation Reference