Aortic Stenosis - Mod Regur. MildThis is a simulation of Aortic Stenosis - Moderate and Regurgitation - Mild taken at the second right intercostal space. S1 is normal. S2A is single and accentuated. An aortic ejection click is heard. A diamond-shaped systolic murmur is present. A mild, high-pitched, blowing, decrescendo diastolic murmur is present. The EKG shows an increased R-wave amplitude, which is evidence of LVH. Look at the cardiac animation. It shows left ventricular hypertrophy and a thickened, mobile aortic valve. Note the Doppler-plumes, which represent systolic turbulent flow across a stenotic aortic valve and diastolic regurgitant turbulent flow into the left ventricle.
The patient's position should be seated.
Auscultation TipsSystole:Click followed by Crescendo-decrescendo murmur
Diastole:high-pitched, musical decrescendo murmur
Observe Cardiac Animation
Authors and Sources
Authors and Reviewers
- ECG heart rhythm modules: Thomas O'Brien.
- ECG monitor simulation developer: Steve Collmann
12 Lead Course: Dr. Michael Mazzini, MD.
- Spanish language ECG: Breena R. Taira, MD, MPH
- Medical review: Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD
- Medical review: Dr. Pedro Azevedo, MD, Cardiology
- Last Update: 11/8/2021
Electrocardiography for Healthcare Professionals, 5th Edition
Kathryn Booth and Thomas O'Brien
ISBN10: 1260064778, ISBN13: 9781260064773
McGraw Hill, 2019
Rapid Interpretation of EKG's, Sixth Edition
Cover Publishing Company
12 Lead EKG for Nurses: Simple Steps to Interpret Rhythms, Arrhythmias, Blocks, Hypertrophy, Infarcts, & Cardiac Drugs
Create Space Independent Publishing
Heart Sounds and Murmurs: A Practical Guide with Audio CD-ROM 3rd Edition
Elsevier-Health Sciences Division
Barbara A. Erickson, PhD, RN, CCRN
The Virtual Cardiac Patient: A Multimedia Guide to Heart Sounds, Murmurs, EKG
Jonathan Keroes, David Lieberman
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkin)
ISBN-10: 0781784425; ISBN-13: 978-0781784429
- Project Semilla, UCLA Emergency Medicine, EKG Training Breena R. Taira, MD, MPH