Second Heart Sound: Fixed Splitting, Increased Aortic Intensity Auscultation Reference

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heart lung sounds waveform synthetic

Lesson

For heart sounds listen to the synthetic sound while reviewing this lesson.

This example shows a second heart sound (S2) with fixed splitting and an aortic component with increased intensity.

This pattern is seen in the presence of long-standing severe hypertension where the pressure in the aorta is markedly increased.

Once again, we are using fixed splitting of S2 to make it easier to concentrate on the relative intensities of the aortic and pulmonic component of S2.

This condition is caused by essential hypertension. Note the increased thickness of the left ventricular wall.

The waveform(s) seen above are a chart of sound amplitude (loudness) on the vertical axis against time on the horizontal axis.


Listening Tips

A summary of the key aspects of this heart or lung sound.
S2: Fixed splitting, increased intensity of aortic component.

Auscultation Method

maneuver
The recommended patient position is sitting
torso
For this sound, use stethoscope's diaphragm The recommended auscultation position for the stethoscope is aortic



Relevant Courses

If you wish to review a complete mobile concerning Second Heart Sound: Fixed Splitting, Increased Aortic Intensity Auscultation Reference and related heart sounds, the modules(s) listed below may be useful. Each lesson includes text that explains the auscultatory sound and its clinical significance. The lesson also includes an audio track for playback. A waveform provides a great way to visualize the sounds. Finally, we also include an animation video. For heart sounds, the video illustrates heart muscle and valve movements along with blood flow. For lung sounds, the primary source of the sounds can be seen. Each module also includes a quiz.

Second Heart Sound: Fixed Splitting, Increased Aortic Intensity Auscultation Reference







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