Aortic Regurgitation - ModerateThis is a simulation of Aortic Regurgitation - Moderate taken at Erb's point. Note that S1 is decreased due to premature mitral closure. S2 is single and represents an increased P2. An aortic ejection click follows the mitral component of the first heart sound by 75 milliseconds. A diamond-shaped aortic flow murmur is noted in early systole. A decrescendo, high-pitched, blowing, pan-diastolic murmur is present. The EKG shows evidence of left ventricular hypertrophy. Look at the cardiac animation. It shows an enlarged, hypertrophied left ventricle with normal contractility. A systolic Doppler-plume in the aorta represents a flow murmur while the diastolic left ventricular Doppler-plume represents moderately severe aortic regurgitation.
The patient's position should be supine.
Auscultation TipsS1:Reduced intensity
Systole:Click follows S1
Diastole:high-pitched, musical decrescendo murmur, early diastole
Observe Cardiac Animation
Authors and Sources
Authors and Reviewers
- ECG heart rhythm modules: Thomas O'Brien.
- ECG monitor simulation developer: Steve Collmann
12 Lead Course: Dr. Michael Mazzini, MD.
- Spanish language ECG: Breena R. Taira, MD, MPH
- Medical review: Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD
- Medical review: Dr. Pedro Azevedo, MD, Cardiology
- Last Update: 11/8/2021
Electrocardiography for Healthcare Professionals, 5th Edition
Kathryn Booth and Thomas O'Brien
ISBN10: 1260064778, ISBN13: 9781260064773
McGraw Hill, 2019
Rapid Interpretation of EKG's, Sixth Edition
Cover Publishing Company
12 Lead EKG for Nurses: Simple Steps to Interpret Rhythms, Arrhythmias, Blocks, Hypertrophy, Infarcts, & Cardiac Drugs
Create Space Independent Publishing
Heart Sounds and Murmurs: A Practical Guide with Audio CD-ROM 3rd Edition
Elsevier-Health Sciences Division
Barbara A. Erickson, PhD, RN, CCRN
The Virtual Cardiac Patient: A Multimedia Guide to Heart Sounds, Murmurs, EKG
Jonathan Keroes, David Lieberman
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkin)
ISBN-10: 0781784425; ISBN-13: 978-0781784429
- Project Semilla, UCLA Emergency Medicine, EKG Training Breena R. Taira, MD, MPH