Atrial Septal Defect Auscultation Reference

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heart lung sounds waveform patient normal speed
heart lung sounds waveform patient half speed
heart lung sounds waveform synthetic

Lesson

For heart sounds listen to the synthetic sound while reviewing this lesson.

This is an auscultation example of an atrial septal defect as heard at the pulmonic position.

Atrial Septal Defect is a congenital condition associated with abnormal blood flow between the left atrium and the right atrium.

Before birth there is a large connection between right and left atria. During development of the fetus the connection gradually disappears. However, in some cases the opening persists and is known as an atrial septal defect.

Both the first and second heart sounds are split. The second heart sound splitting is fixed at 80 milliseconds.

There is a brief diamond shaped murmur in early systole and another brief diamond shaped murmur in early diastole

In the anatomy tab you see an enlarged right atrium and right ventricle.

You see turbulent blood flow across the tricuspid valve between the right atrium and the right ventricle (the diastolic murmur). This is caused by blood flow from the left atrium into the right atrium through the atrial septal defect.

There is further turbulent flow into the pulmonary artery causing the systolic murmur.

As you listen to this sound, observe the waveform. This is a graph of sound amplitude (loudness) on the vertical axis vs time on the horizontal axis.


Additional Listening Tips

Systole: Diamond shaped, brief, early murmur.
S2: Fixed splitting.
Diastole: Diamond shaped, brief, early murmur.

Auscultation Method

maneuver
The recommended patient position is supine
torso
For this sound, use stethoscope's diaphragm The recommended auscultation position for the stethoscope is pulmonic



Relevant Courses

If you wish to review a complete mobile concerning Atrial Septal Defect Auscultation Reference and related heart sounds, the modules(s) listed below may be useful. Each lesson includes text that explains the auscultatory sound and its clinical significance. The lesson also includes an audio track for playback. A waveform provides a great way to visualize the sounds. Finally, we also include an animation video. For heart sounds, the video illustrates heart muscle and valve movements along with blood flow. For lung sounds, the primary source of the sounds can be seen. Each module also includes a quiz.

Atrial Septal Defect Auscultation Reference