Acute Pericarditis Auscultation Reference

heart lung sounds waveform patient normal speed
heart lung sounds waveform patient half speed
heart lung sounds waveform synthetic

Lesson

For heart sounds listen to the synthetic sound while reviewing this lesson.

This is an example of acute pericarditis as auscultated at Erb's Point.

Murmurs are caused by turbulent blood flow across incompetent or stenonic valves. In contrast, a pericardial friction rub is caused by the rubbing together of two surfaces of the pericardial sack.

The pericardial friction rub has three parts; a systolic component, an early diastolic component and a late diastolic component.

The first and second heart sounds are obscured by the rubbing sounds.

In the anatomy tab you can see the yellow fluid accumulation around the heart caused by an inflamed pericardial sack.

The waveform(s) seen above are a chart of sound amplitude (loudness) on the vertical axis against time on the horizontal axis.


Listening Tips

A summary of the key aspects of this heart or lung sound.
S1: Rubbing, scratchy sound.
Systole: Rubbing, scratchy sound, usually loudest during systole.
S2: Rubbing, scratchy sound.
Diastole: Rubbing, scratchy sound.

Auscultation Method

maneuver
The recommended patient position is sitting leaning forward
torso
For this sound, use stethoscope's diaphragm The recommended auscultation position for the stethoscope is erbs-point



Relevant Courses

If you wish to review a complete mobile concerning Acute Pericarditis Auscultation Reference and related heart sounds, the modules(s) listed below may be useful. Each lesson includes text that explains the auscultatory sound and its clinical significance. The lesson also includes an audio track for playback. A waveform provides a great way to visualize the sounds. Finally, we also include an animation video. For heart sounds, the video illustrates heart muscle and valve movements along with blood flow. For lung sounds, the primary source of the sounds can be seen. Each module also includes a quiz.

Acute Pericarditis Auscultation Reference







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