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Medical TermDescription
abortifacientAn agent, usually a medication, that causes abortion.
acrosomeThe cap-like structure covering the anterior portion of spermatozoon. It contains enzymes necessary for sperm penetration of the egg.
adrenarcheA development stage when the adrenal glands mature, leading to the increased production of adrenal androgens, dehydroepiandrosterone and androstenedione. Adrenarche usually begins at about 7 or 8 years of age before the signs of puberty and continues throughout puberty.
androsteroneA metabolite of testosterone or androstenedione.
anovulationSuspension or cessation of ovulation by the ovaries.
antepartal careHealth care provided during pregnancy.
aphrodisiacAn agent that stimulates sexual desire.
aspermiaA condition characterized by the complete absence of semen.
ateliosisA form of dwarfism.
balanitisInflammation of the glans penis.
balanoposthitisInflammation of the glans penis in uncircumcised males.
caulAmniotic sac that encloses the fetus.
cervix uteriThe neck portion of the uterus between the lower isthmus and the vagina forming the cervical canal.
chorionThe embryonic membrane surrounding the developing embryo. The chorion evolves into the fetal contribution of the placenta.
deciduaThe membrane lining the wall of the uterus during pregnancy.
dystociaDifficult childbirth.
eclampsiaA toxic disorder characterized by convulsions and possibly coma during or immediately after pregnancy
galactoseOne of the two simple sugars in the protein, lactose, found in milk. The other sugar is glucose.
gameteA mature sex cell.
geneA unit of inheritance carrying a single trait occupying a certain location on a chromosome.
gon-seed, genital
hematocolposAn accumulation of menstrual blood in the vagina.
hematometraAn accumulation of menstrual blood in the uterus.
hemospermiaBlood in the semen, often due to inflammation of the prostate or the seminal vesicles.
heterosexualityThe sexual attraction between members of the opposite sex.
heterosisGreater vigor of the first generation hybrid than is shown by either parent.
hymenA thin fold of mucous membrane situated at the orifice of the vagina.
hypogonadismAbnormally low functional activity of the gonads, with diminished growth and sexual development
inductionCausing to occur.
inguinal canalA tunnel in the abdominal wall through which a testis descends into the scrotum.
leiomyomaA benign neoplasm derived from smooth muscle tissue, also known as a fibroid tumor. They usually occur in the uterus.
lochiaA vaginal discharge occurring during the first week or two after childbirth.
mammoplastyPlastic surgery of the breasts.
menopauseThe permanent cessation of menstruation.
menorrhagiaExcessive uterine bleeding during menstruation.
mensesBlood and tissue discharged from the uterus periodically.
metritisInflammation of the uterus.
metrorrhagiaAbnormal uterine bleeding that is not related to menstruation.
monorchismAbsence of one testis.
morulaAn early embryo that is a compact mass.
myometriumThe smooth muscle coat of the uterus, which forms the main mass of the organ.
oligohydramniosA condition of abnormally low amniotic fluid volume.
oligospermiaA deficiency of spermatozoa in the semen, defined as a sperm count below 20 million per milliliter semen.
ontogenyThe developmental history of an individual from inception to maturity.
oophoritisInflammation of the ovary.
orchidalgiaPain in the testicle.
orchiectomyThe surgical removal of one or both testicles.
orchitisInflammation of a testis.
orgasmThe climax of sexual excitement.
ovarian neoplasmsTumors or cancer of the ovary. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant.
paraphimosisA condition in which the foreskin, once retracted, cannot return to its original position. If this condition persists, it can lead to painful constriction of glans penis, swelling, and impaired blood flow to the penis.
parityThe number of viable offspring a female has borne.
parturitionThe act of giving birth to one or more offspring.
perimetritisInflammation of the peritoneal covering of the uterus
phimosisA condition of a narrowed or tightened foreskin that cannot be retracted to reveal the glans penis.
possetA small amount of milk that is regurgitated by infants after feeding.
premenopauseThe period before menopause. The transition from full sexual maturity to cessation of ovarian cycle takes place between the age of late thirty and early fifty.
prepuceThe fold of skin that grows over the end of the penis.
primiparaA woman who has given birth to one viable infant.
prolactinA pituitary hormone that stimulates and maintains lactation in postpartum mammals.
puerperalThe period up until six to eight weeks after childbirth.
pyometraAccumulation of pus in the uterine cavity.
quickeningMovements of the fetus felt by the mother, usually after the first 16 weeks of pregnancy.
salpingitisInflammation of the fallopian or eustachian tube.
salpingostomyFormation of an artificial opening in a fallopian tube.
seminomaA malignant neoplasm of the testis.
spermatidsImmature sperm cells developed in the testicle.
teratologyA branch of embryology for the study of congenital malformations and developmental abnormalities.
thecomaA neoplasm derived from ovarian mesenchyme.
thelarcheThe beginning of breast development at puberty.
vaginitisInflammation of the vagina marked by pain and a purulent discharge.
vitellinePertaining to the vitellus.
vitellusYolk of an egg.

Authors and Reviewers

Authored by Dr. Barbara A. Erickson
Medically reviewed by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD
Last Update: 12/18/2022

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