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Medical TermDescription
acne conglobataSevere, chronic acne characterized by large, burrowing abscesses associated with disfigurement. Also called cystic acne.
acne keloidA disorder in which secondary pyogenic infection in and around pilosebaceous structures ends in keloid scarring. Often develops at the hairline on the back of the neck.
actinomycosisA chronic bacterial disease, often found on the abdomen, thorax and jaw. Characterized by lumpy, deep abscesses that discharge pus.
adenocarcinomaA malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular growth pattern.
algidCold, clammy skin associated with some types of malaria.
anetodermaBenign dermatosis caused by a loss of dermal elastic tissue resulting in localized sac-like areas of flaccid skin.
angioedemaSwelling involving the deep dermis, subcutaneous, or submucosal tissues, representing localized edema. It often occurs in the face, lips, tongue, and larynx.
angiokeratomaA benign vascular, horny neoplasm of the skin often found on the legs and feet.
angiomaA usually benign tumor consisting of blood vessels and lymph nodes.
angiomyomaA benign tumor consisting of vascular and smooth muscle elements.
antiperspirantsAgents that are put on the skin to reduce sweating.
apocrine glandsSweat glands that only occur in hairy parts of the body.
argyriaA permanent ashen-gray discoloration of the skin, conjunctiva, and internal organs due to ingestion of or exposure to silver salts.
barrier creamLotions and ointments used to protect the skin from allergens and irritants.
basal cell carcinomaA malignant tumor. A common form of skin cancer. Metastasis is rare.
burnTissue injury caused by heat, cold, chemicals, electricity, radiation and ultraviolet light.
chafingIrritation of the skin due to rubbing against skin or clothing.
chancreThe primary sore of syphilis. A painless ulcer occurring at the site of entry of the infection.
chancroidAcute, highly contagious bacterial disease usually acquired through sexual contact. A venereal ulcer.
complexionThe color, texture and overall appearance of facial skin.
deetA common insect repellent.
dermatologyA medical specialty concerned with the structure, functions, diseases and treatment of the skin.
dermisA layer of vascularized connective tissue underneath the epidermis. Embedded in or beneath it are glands, hair follicles, nerves and lymphatic vessels.
desmosomesAn area of contact between adjacent cells, particularly epithelia.
eccrine glandsSimple sweat glands that secrete sweat directly onto the skin.
epilationRemoval of a hair by its roots.
erysipelasAn acute infection of the skin characterized by fever, headache, vomiting, and purplish raised lesions.
erythrasmaA chronic bacterial infection of major folds of the skin.
escharA dry scab formed on the skin following a burn or cauterization of the skin
exanthemaEruption on the skin occurring as a symptom of a disease
excoriationAn abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
flushA transient reddening of the face. A blush.
halitosisA foul breath odor resulting from poor oral hygiene, dental or oral infections, or the ingestion of certain foods.
hidrocystomaA cystic form of sweat gland adenoma, created by the cystic proliferation of apocrine secretory glands.
hidrosisThe production and excretion of sweat.
hidroticRelating to or causing sweating.
hyalinA translucent substance occurring in pathological degeneration of tissues.
hyperhidrosisExcessive sweating.
hyperpigmentationExcessive pigmentation of the skin, usually as a result of increased epidermal or dermal melanin pigmentation, hypermelanosis. The condition may arise from exposure to the sun.
hypertrichosisExcessive hair growth at inappropriate locations.
hypohidrosisAbnormally low or absent perspiration.
hypotrichosisLess than the normal amount of hair.
intertrigoA superficial dermatitis occurring in areas where skin surfaces come into contact with, and chafe, each other. The condition is caused by moisture and friction.
labialPertaining to the lips.
lentigoA small, flat, pigmented spot on the skin.
lichenAny of various papular skin disease in which the lesions are typically small, firm papules set very close together.
linimentsHeat-generating liquids that are applied to the skin.
melanomaA malignant, rapidly growing neoplasm derived from cells that are capable of forming melanin, which may occur in the skin of any part of the body, in the eye, or, rarely, in the mucous membranes of the genitalia, anus, oral cavity, or other sites.
melanosisDisorders of increased melanin pigmentation that develop without preceding inflammatory disease.
micrococcusA genus of gram-positive, spherical bacteria found in soils and fresh water, and frequently on the skin of man and other animals.
mitesThey are minute animals related to the spiders, usually having transparent or semitransparent bodies. They may be parasitic on humans , producing various irritations of the skin.
necrobiotic disordersA group of disorders characterized by swelling, basophilia, and distortion of collagen bundles in the dermis.
neurodermatitisAn extremely variable eczematous skin disease that is presumed to be a response to prolonged vigorous scratching, rubbing, or pinching to relieve intense pruritus.
nevusA malformation of skin that is present at birth, including moles and birthmarks.
ochronosisThe discoloration of body tissues,due to a metabolism disorder.
pallorA clinical manifestation consisting of an unnatural paleness of the skin.
panniculitisGeneral term for inflammation of adipose tissue, usually of the skin, characterized by reddened subcutaneous nodules.
papillomaA benign epithelial tumor derived from epithelium and projecting from the surrounding surface
pemphigusAny of several rare diseases characterized by groups of itching blisters.
perlecheFissures and cracks at the corner of the mouth
petechiaA small, round, dark-red spot caused by intradermal or submucous hemorrhage.
piloerectionThe standing up of hairs on the skin
pilonidal sinusA hair-containing cyst or sinus, occurring chiefly in the coccygeal region.
pintaA contagious bacterial skin disease prevalent in tropical America.
pityriasisAny of a group of skin diseases characterized by the formation of fine, branny scales. This term is but only with a modifier.
porokeratosisA rare, chronic, progressive autosomal dominant skin disorder market by craterlike patches.
poroma A neoplasm of cells lining the skin openings of sweat glands.
pressure ulcerAn ulcer that appears in the skin over a bony prominence due to compression and inadequate blood perfusion. Bedridden or chair bound patients are at risk. Also called bedsore.
prurigoA chronic inflammation of the skin characterized by a persistent eruption of papules that itch intensely.
pyodermaAny purulent skin disease.
sebaceous glandsSmall, sacculated organs found within the dermis. Each gland has a single duct that opens into a hair follicle or onto the general surface of the skin. These glands secrete sebum, an oily lubricating substance.
sebumThe oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands. It is composed of keratin, fat, and cellular debris.
steatomaA cyst or tumor of the sebaceous gland.
subcutaneousBeneath the skin.
sycosisInflammation of hair follicles.
ungualPertaining to the nails.
unguisA nail.

Authors and Reviewers

Authored by Dr. Barbara A. Erickson
Medically reviewed by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD
Last Update: 12/18/2022

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