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Fourth and First Heart Sounds Lesson

Virtual Auscultation

patient torso with stethoscope chestpiece

patient position during auscultation
The patient's position is supine.


A fourth sound gallop (S4) plus a first heart sound (S1) can mimic a split first heart sound. Since the S4 occurs just before the S1, it is easy to confuse a S4-S1 pair with a split S1.

Listen carefully to the frequency of the initial sound of the S4-S1 pair. If it is lower in frequency than the second sound, it is an S4. If the two sounds have a similar frequency, it is a split S1.


Heart Sounds Video

Authors and Sources

Authors and Reviewers


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