Aortic Regurgitation

Virtual Auscultation

patient torso with stethoscope chestpiece
patient position during auscultation

The patient's position should be sitting leaning forward.


Aortic regurgitation produces a decrescendo murmur starting early in diastole. The first and second heart sounds are normal. The decrescendo murmur is high-pitched.

Aortic diastolic murmurs can be heard at the right sternal border, third and fourth intercostal spaces.

The anatomy video shows an enlarged left ventricle with normal contractility. Observe the regurgitant flow from the aorta into the left ventricle, which causes the murmur.


Heart Sounds Video

Authors and Reviewers

Authored by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD and David Lieberman, Developer, Virtual Cardiac Patient. Medically reviewed by Dr. Barbara Erickson, PhD, RN, CCRN. Last Update: 11/28/2021

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