Fourth Heart Sound

Virtual Auscultation

patient torso with stethoscope chestpiece
patient position during auscultation

The patient's position should be supine.

Lesson

The fourth heart sound occurs in late diastole, just prior to the first heart sound. The fourth heart sound is a low-frequency sound best heard with a chestpiece bell pressed lightly onto the skin.

The fourth heart sound occurs during the diastolic filling phase, created by increased stiffness of the left ventricle, decreased ventricular compliance, or by increased volume. This may be a manifestation of heart disease. A fourth heart sound is never heard with atrial fibrillation because the contraction of the atria is ineffective in this condition. Review the anatomy video for an example.

The first heart sound is decreased in intensity and the second heart sound is increased in intensity.



Waveform





Heart Sounds Video



Authors and Reviewers

Authored by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD and David Lieberman, Developer, Virtual Cardiac Patient. Medically reviewed by Dr. Barbara Erickson, PhD, RN, CCRN. Last Update: 11/28/2021


An error has occurred. This application may no longer respond until reloaded. Reload 🗙