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Fixed Splitting Second Heart Sound

Virtual Auscultation

patient torso with stethoscope chestpiece

patient position during auscultation
The patient's position is supine.

Lesson

When the separation of the two components of the second heart sound remains unchanged through inspiration, the split is called a fixed split.

The inability of the ventricles to change their volume with respiration causes the splitting. Fixed splitting of the second heart sound (along with murmurs) indicates the presence of heart disease or a heart defect.

Waveform





Heart Sounds Video



Authors and Sources

Authors and Reviewers

Sources

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