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Pulmonic Regurgitation - Mild

Virtual Auscultation

patient torso with stethoscope chestpiece
patient position during auscultation

The patient's position should be sitting leaning forward.

Lesson

This is an example of mild pulmonic regurgitation which can be caused by an infection of the pulmonic valve leaflets. The first and second heart sounds are normal (S2 is split). Systole is silent. A high-pitched decrescendo murmur occupying the first half of diastole can be heard starting immediately after the second heart sound. The murmur is best heard at the pulmonic area and can be accentuated by having the patient sitting up and leaning forward. The intensity of the murmur increases with inspiration, indicating the right-sided origin of the murmur. In the animation you can see the turbulent blood flow from the pulmonary artery into the right ventricle during early diastole. You can see the minimally thickened pulmonic valve leaflets.

Waveform





Heart Sounds Video



Authors and Reviewers

Authored by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD and David Lieberman, Developer, Virtual Cardiac Patient. Medically reviewed by Dr. Barbara Erickson, PhD, RN, CCRN. Last Update: 11/28/2021


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