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Second Heart Sound with Persistent Splitting

Virtual Auscultation

patient torso with stethoscope chestpiece
patient position during auscultation

The patient's position should be supine.

Lesson

This example shows persistent splitting of the second heart sound. Splitting varies between thirty milliseconds at peak expiration and sixty milliseconds at peak inspiration. With normal physiologic splitting the second heart sound is not split at peak expiration. With persistent splitting, the second heart sound is split in both inspiration and expiration, although the degree of splitting is reduced in expiration. This type of splitting is associated with Right Bundle Branch Block a condition in which the electrical signal which causes contraction of the right ventricle is blocked.

Waveform





Heart Sounds Video



Authors and Reviewers

Authored by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD and David Lieberman, Developer, Virtual Cardiac Patient. Medically reviewed by Dr. Barbara Erickson, PhD, RN, CCRN. Last Update: 11/28/2021


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