Unlock quizzes, lessons and more.
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a vascular disease, which results in increased pressure in the blood vessels that supply blood to the lungs. In this course emphasis will be placed on detecting abnormal heart sounds in the cardio-pulmonary circulation.
The signs of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension are heard at the following auscultatory areas:
The right ventricular third and fourth heart sounds are only heard with inspiration and only at the RLSB.
The murmur of tricuspid regurgitation increases in intensity and is best heard at the LLSB. It can also be heart at the RLSB.
The murmur of pulmonic insufficiency (the Graham Steel murmur) increases with intensity with full expiration and is best heard at the 3LICS (Erb's Point). It can also be heard at the 2LICS.
Please use good quality headphones or earphones during this course.
The patient cases provide a content for practicing exam and diagnostic skills. Each case consists of multiple pages which summarize patient history, heart and carotid artery sounds, lab results and diagnosis.
This website is intended for use by medical professionals for educational purposes only. For medical care, contact a healthcare provider.
2021 © Clinical Skills Education LLC. All Rights Reserved.