When To Refer
The objective of this course is to apply your auscultation skills for pediatric referrals cases.
Each case consists of multiple pages which present the patient's history, a virtual manikin page for heart sounds and a clinical findings page.
After completing a case including correctly answering all questions, that case will be marked as completed in the table of contents.
Remember that pediatric murmurs can be a normal part of development. Not all murmurs need treatment.
There are six cardinal clinical signs on cardiac examination which prove to be significant independent predictors of the presence of a confirmed cardiac lesion.
The six signs are the following:
Upon completing all cases within this course (during one session), you will be able to print a course completion certificate.
Cardinal Clinical Signs in the Differentiation of Heart Murmurs in Children
Brian W. McCrindle MD,MPH, et. al.
Archives of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine. 1996;150:169-174
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