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Medical TermDescription
-pterygiumabnormality of conjunctiva
-stromaconnective or supportive tissue of an organ
adductorA muscle that moves a body part toward the midline or axis of the body.
ADLactivities of daily living
ballismAbnormal involuntary movements of the limbs.
deltoidThick triangular muscle in the shoulder whose function is to abduct, flex, and extend the arm.
DTRdeep tendon reflex
dyskinesiaInvoluntary muscle movements of the face, trunk, neck and extremities and difficulty with voluntary movements. Often associated with the use of certain medications.
dystoniaA disorder characterized by involuntary muscle contractions that cause slow repetitive movements or abnormal postures.
EOMextraocular muscles
epicondylitisTennis elbow. Occurs from partial or complete tears of the tendons of the forearm, or from overuse, a strain.
ergo-work, energy
extensorAny muscle that extends a limb or other body part.
flexorAny muscle that causes a limb to bend.
ganglion cystSwelling or tumor on a joint or tendon sheath due to trauma.
hyperkinesisExcessive movement of muscles of the body.
intrinsic muscleA muscle whose origin and insertion are both in the same part or organ.
isotonic contractionMuscle contraction with negligible change in the force of contraction but shortening of the distance between the origin and insertion.
MDmuscular dystrophy
myofascial releasePhysical therapy used to treat chronic pain in the tissues that surround and support muscles.
myogenicOriginating in the muscles.
myorrhaphySuture of muscle tissue or a muscle wound.
NMJneuromuscular junction
pelvic floorThe connective tissues and muscles that lie beneath and support the perineum and pelvis. It extends between the pubic bone anteriorly and the coccyx posteriorly.
physiatristA doctor specializing in the physiological treatment of patients with conditions affecting movement. Often used in stroke rehabilitation.
polymyositisInflammation of the muscles or associated tissues, such as the blood vessels that supply the muscles
rhabdomy/ostriated muscle
RICErest, ice, compression, elevation
RSIrepetitive stress injury
sarcocystosisInfection of the striated muscle of mammals by parasites of the genus Sarcocystis. Often asymptomatic, but symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, muscle weakness, and paralysis.
sarcopeniaA disease associated with aging resulting in loss of muscle mass and strength.
sartoriusThe thin, long, diagonal, strap-like anterior thigh muscle extending from the pelvis to the calf of the leg.
spasmodic torticollisA very painful condition in which neck muscles contract involuntarily causing the head to twist, bend or rotate to one side.
tremorInvoluntary shaking, quivering of body parts, commonly the extremities.

Authors and Reviewers

Authored by Dr. Barbara A. Erickson
Medically reviewed by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD
Last Update: 12/18/2022

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