Endocrine-Iii

Number of endocrine-iii flashcards: 14
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Medical TermDescription
albuminuriaThe presence of albumin in the urine, an indicator of kidney diseases.
aldosteroneA hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex that acts on the kidneys to regulate electrolyte and water balance.
allopurinolA xanthine oxidase inhibitor that decreases uric acid production. Used to treat gout and kidney stones.
antidiabeticDrugs that help control diabetes mellitus.
bacteriuriaThe presence of bacteria in the urine. Bacteriuria can be symptomatic or asymptomatic.
endocrinologyA subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the metabolism, physiology, and disorders of the endocrine system.
hyperthyroxinemiaAbnormally elevated thyroxine level in the blood.
melatoninA hormone produced by the pineal gland. It plays a role in the regulation of sleep, mood, and reproduction.
pituitary glandA small, oval, unpaired, endocrine gland connected to the hypothalamus by a short stalk which is called the infundibulum. Its secretions control the other endocrine glands and influence growth, metabolism, and maturation.
somatotrophsAnterior pituitary cells which produce growth hormone.
thyroidA highly vascularized endocrine gland that regulates metabolism. It consists of two lobes joined by a thin band of tissue with one lobe on each side of the trachea.
thyroidectomySurgical removal of the thyroid gland.
thyroiditisInflammation of the thyroid gland.
vipomaAn endocrine tumor that secretes vasoactive intestinal peptide, that causes vasodilation, relaxation of smooth muscles, watery diarrhea, hypokalemia and hypochlorhydria.

Authors and Reviewers

Authored by Dr. Barbara A. Erickson
Medically reviewed by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD
Last Update: 12/18/2022

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