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Medical TermDescription
ABGarterial blood gas
AFBacid-fast bacillus
airwayTubular passages in the lungs through which air passes during breathing.
aphoniaInability of the larynx to produce speech sounds.
ARDSacute respiratory distress syndrome
breath soundsSounds heard over the lungs and airways, usually with a stethoscope.
breathingThe repeating cycle of inhaling and exhaling air into and out of the lungs.
bronchoscopesEndoscopes for the visualization of the interior of the bronchi.
carbon dioxideA colorless, odorless gas formed in body tissues during metabolism. It is carried in the blood to the lungs and then exhaled.
CFcystic fibrosis
COPDchronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPAPconstant positive airway pressure
CPRcardiopulmonary resuscitation
CXRchest x-ray
DOEdyspnea on exertion
ECMOextracorporeal membrane oxygenation
EIAexercise-induced asthma
ERVexpiratory reserve volume
FEFforced expiratory flow
FEVforced expiratory volume
FVCforced vital capacity
HFOVhigh frequency oscillatory ventilation
hypoventilationDeficient ventilation of the lungs resulting is low oxygen levels and high carbon dioxide levels in the blood.
ICinspiratory capacity
IMVintermittent mandatory ventilation
IPPBintermittent positive pressure breathing
IRVinspiratory reserve volume
LRIlower respiratory infection
LRTlower respiratory tract
MBCmaximum breathing capacity
MDImetered-dose inhaler
MEPmaximal expiratory pressure
MIPmaximal inspiratory pressure
MVVmaximal voluntary ventilation
osm/osense of smell
oxy-sharp, oxygen
Paco2partial pressure of carbon dioxide in alveolar gas
PE (2)pulmonary embolism
PEEPpositive end expiratory pressure
PEFRpeak expiratory flow rate
PFTpulmonary function test
phreni-diaphragm, mind
PNDparoxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
polysomnographySleep study. Includes monitoring of respiratory patterns, brain waves, sleep stages, and other physiological variables.
PSVpressure supported ventilation
RDSrespiratory distress syndrome
residual volumeThe volume of air remaining in the lungs at the end of a maximal expiration.
RMLright middle lobe of lung
RQrespiratory quotient
RR (2)respiratory rate
RSVrespiratory syncytial virus
RTRespiratory Therapist
RVresidual volume
SARSsevere acute respiratory syndrome
SIDSsudden infant death syndrome
SOBshortness of breath
tidal volumeThe volume of air inspired or expired in a single breath during normal breathing.
TLCtotal lung capacity
TVtidal volume
URIupper respiratory infection
URTupper respiratory tract
VCvital capacity

Authors and Reviewers

Authored by Dr. Barbara A. Erickson
Medically reviewed by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD
Last Update: 12/18/2022
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