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Medical TermDescription
-clasisbreaking a bone
-desisbind, fixation
-lysisloosening, separating
-physisgrowth, growing
-porosisdecrease in density
acetabulumConcave surface of pelvis where the head of the femur lies
arthroplastySurgical reconstruction of a joint to relieve pain or restore motion.
BMDbone mineral density
bone densityThe amount of mineral per square centimeter of bone. Bone density is an important predictor for osteoporosis.
brachialRelating to the arm.
carpal bonesThe eight bones of the wrist: scaphoid bone; lunate bone; triquetrum bone; pisiform bone; trapezium bone; trapezoid bone; capitate bone; and hamate bone.
costalPertaining to the ribs.
cubit/oelbow, forearm
cuspidA tooth with one cusp. In particular, he third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw.
DJDdegenerative joint disease
femoralPertaining to the thigh or femur.
flexionThe act of bending a limb or the position that a limb assumes after it is bent.
FROMfull range of motion
frontal boneThe bone that forms the frontal aspect of the skull.
gnath-jaw, cheek
gout Acute arthritis that causes severe pain and swelling in the joints due to the accumulation of urate crystals.
gyr-ring, circle
hallux valgusA bunion. A deformity of the joint connecting the big toe to the foot.
hemarthrosisBleeding into the joints.
incisorAny of the four maxillary and four mandibular teeth, having a sharp incisal edge.
ithy-erect, straight
JRAjuvenile rheumatoid arthritis
kineticsThe study of the interrelationships that exist between body parts and how those connections influence movement.
lordosisAbnormal, concave curvature of the lower spine. Also called swayback.
lox/ooblique, slanting
malleolusThe bony prominence on either side of the ankle.
maxillaOne of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw.
noto- back
orbitBony cavity that holds the eyeball and its associated tissues and appendages.
ORIFopen reduction internal fixation
osteochondromaA cartilage-capped benign tumor that often appears as a stalk on the surface of bone.
osteosclerosisAn abnormal hardening or increased density of bone tissue.
osteotomyCutting of a bone.
patellaThe flat, triangular bone about 5 cm in diameter, situated at the anterior part of the knee. Also called the kneecap.
petr/ostone, stone-like hardness
PIPproximal interphalangeal
pubic boneA bone that forms the lower and anterior part of each side of the hip bone.
RFrheumatoid factor
ROMrange of motion
sacrumThe large, triangular bone at the dorsal part of the pelvis, between the two hip bones. The sacrum strengthens and stabilizes the pelvis.
sagittalA plane that extends down the long axis of the body, parallel to the median plane.
scoliosisA sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty.
sphenoid boneAn irregular unpaired bone situated at the skull base and wedged between the frontal, temporal, and occipital bones.
sphenoid/osphenoid (compound bone at base of skull)
spina bifidaA spinal birth defect.
spondylolysisThe degeneration of a vertebra.
synovectomyRemoval of part or all of the synovial membrane of a joint
tal/otalus, ankle
tarsalPertaining to the bones of the ankle and foot.
tendinosisDegeneration of a tendon.
tennis elbowA condition characterized by pain in or near the lateral humeral epicondyle or in the forearm extensor muscle mass as a result of unusual strain.
THRtotal hip replacement
TKRtotal knee replacement
TMJtemporomandibular joint
xiph/osword shaped, xiphoid

Authors and Reviewers

Authored by Dr. Barbara A. Erickson
Medically reviewed by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD
Last Update: 12/18/2022

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