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Medical TermDescription
-lipsisomit, fail
amenorrheaAbsence of menstruation.
androgenSteroid hormones that stimulate development of male reproductive organs, beard growth, voice changes and muscles.
aplasiaDefective development of an organ or tissue.
ASC-USatypical squamous cells of undetermined significance
bisexualityAn individual who is sexually attracted to both sexes.
BPHbenign prostatic hyperplasia
BSEbreast self-examination
cervical dysplasiaThe abnormal growth of precancerous cells on the surface of the cervix.
chordomaA rare, malignant tumor that develops from the embryonic remains of the notochord.
chorionic villus samplingA prenatal diagnostic test to detect chromosomal problems
colposcopyThe examination of the cervix and vagina by means of an endoscope introduced vaginally.
colpotomyAn incision in the vagina.
conceptionWhen a spermatozoon enters an ovum. The beginning of pregnancy.
consanguinityKinship. The hereditary relationship between persons.
D&Cdilatation and curettage
DUBdysfunctional uterine bleeding
ED (2)erectile dysfunction
EDDestimated date of delivery
embryo-related to embryo
embryologyThe study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.
endodermThe inner of the three germ layers of an embryo.
epididymisThe convoluted cordlike structure attached to the posterior of the testis.
FHRfetal heart rate
FTNDfull term normal delivery
FTTfailure to thrive
galactorrheaInappropriate lactation.
GDMgestational diabetes mellitus
gest/oto bear
gonadalPertaining to or arising from a gonad.
gonadsThe sex glands, ovary or testis.
gynec/owoman, female
HGSILhigh-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion
HRThormone replacement therapy
HSILhigh-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion
HSVherpes simplex virus
hysterosalpingographyFluoroscopic examination of the uterus and fallopian tubes.
hysterotomyAn incision in the uterus, performed through either the abdomen or the vagina.
IDMinfants of diabetic mothers
in vitroIn a glass. In an artificial environment outside a living organism
intrauterineWithin the uterine cavity.
IUCDintrauterine contraceptive device
IUDintrauterine device
IUFDintrauterine fetal distress
IUPintrauterine pregnancy
IVFin vitro fertilization
L&Dlabor and delivery
LBWlow birth weight
lecith/oyolk, ovum
libidoSexual desire.
lmplast menstrual period
midwiferyThe practice of assisting women in childbirth.
OB/GYNobstetrics & gynecology
OCoral contraceptive
oligomenorrheaLight or infrequent menstrual periods.
orchidectomySurgical removal of one or both testicles.
orchiopexySurgery to move an undescended testicle into the scrotum.
ovarian cystsGeneral term for cysts and cystic diseases of the ovary.
ovumA mature haploid female germ cell extruded from the ovary at ovulation.
PapPap test Papanicolaou smear
perinatalPertaining to the period three months before to one month after birth.
Peyronie diseaseA condition where plaques form under the skin of the penis, causing the penis to bend.
PIDpelvic inflammatory disease
PIHpregnancy-induced hypertension
placenta previaA condition when the placenta covers part or all of the cervix during the last months of pregnancy.
PMSpremenstrual syndrome
polycystic ovary syndromeA condition in which a woman’s levels of the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are out of balance. Often cause for infertility
postmenopauseThe physiological period following the menopause.
scrotumA pouch of skin containing the testicles and spermatic cords.
SGAsmall for gestational age
sperma-sperm, seed
spermatozoaMature male germ cells derived from spermatids.
STDsexually transmitted disease
sterileUnable to produce offspring.
TAHtotal abdominal hysterectomy
term birthchildbirth at the end of a normal duration of pregnancy, between 37 to 40 weeks of gestation.
testisEither of the two male gonads located in the cavity of the scrotum.
TFStesticular feminization syndrome
trimesterAny of the three successive three month periods of pregnancy.
TURtransurethral resection
umbilicusThe depression in the center of the abdominal wall where the umbilical cord entered in the fetus. Also called the navel.
uterinePertaining to the uterus.
vaginalPertaining to the vagina.
varicoceleAbnormal enlargement of the veins of the spermatic cord.
vasectomySurgical removal of the ductus deferens usually as a means of sterilization.
vasovasostomyA surgical procedure in which the effects of a vasectomy (male sterilization) are reversed.
VDvenereal disease
venere/osexual intercourse
vulvaThe external genitalia of the female. It includes the clitoris, the labia, the vestibule and its glands.
vulvitisInflammation of the vulva.
zygoteThe fertilized ovum resulting from the fusion of a male and a female gamete.

Authors and Reviewers

Authored by Dr. Barbara A. Erickson
Medically reviewed by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD
Last Update: 12/18/2022

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