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Medical TermDescription
ARMDage-related macular degeneration
binauralRelating to the use of both ears.
binocularRelating to the use of both eyes.
conjunctivaThe mucous membrane that covers the posterior surface of the eyelids and the anterior pericorneal surface of the eyeball.
dry eye syndromeCorneal and conjunctival dryness due to deficient tear production.
EENTeye, ear, nose, and throat
floaterA speck or string that appears to be drifting across the eye just outside the line of vision.
glareA bright, dazzling light which produces discomfort and impairs vision.
HDhearing distance
irisThe circular pigmented membrane behind the cornea of the eye that gives the eye its color. The iris surrounds a central opening called the pupil.
logad/owhites of the eyes
macularDenoting the central retina.
macular degenerationDegenerative changes in the retina usually of older adults which results in a loss of vision in the center of the visual field.
night blindnessFailure or reduced ability to see in dim light.
ophthalmicPertaining to the eye.
otoscopeAn instrument designed to inspect the ear.
PD (2)pupillary distance
PERRLApupils equal, regular, react to light and accommodation
retinitisInflammation of the retina.
snow blindnessA painful eye condition caused by exposure of insufficiently protected eyes to ultraviolet (UV) rays. Also called photokeratitis.
TMtympanic membrane
VAvisual acuity
Vf (2)field of vision
vitreous bodyThe transparent, semi gelatinous substance that fills the cavity behind the crystalline lens of the eye and in front of the retina.

Authors and Reviewers

Authored by Dr. Barbara A. Erickson
Medically reviewed by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD
Last Update: 12/18/2022

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