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Medical TermDescription
ACadrenal cortex
ACTHadrenocorticotropic hormone
Addison diseaseA rare disorder in which the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the hormones cortisol and/or aldosterone.
ADHantidiuretic hormone
AODMadult-onset diabetes mellitus
Conn syndromeAssociated with increased secretion of the hormone aldosterone by the adrenal glands.
DIdiabetes insipidus
DKAdiabetic ketoacidosis
DMdiabetes mellitus
FBSfasting blood sugar
FSHfollicle-stimulating hormone
GHgrowth hormone
gluco-relating to glucose
GnRHgonadotropin-releasing hormone
goiterEnlargement of the thyroid gland causing a swelling in the front part of the neck.
Graves diseaseAn immune disease that causes hyperthyroidism.
GTTglucose tolerance test
gynecomastiaNon-cancerous swelling of the breast tissue in males due to an imbalance of hormones. Common in pre-adolescence, benign and self-limiting.
HCGhuman chorionic gonadotropin
HGFhuman growth factor
ICSHinterstitial cell-stimulating hormone
IGTimpaired glucose tolerance
JODjuvenile onset diabetes
LHluteinizing hormone
MSHmelanocyte stimulating hormone
NIDDMnoninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
parathyroidectomySurgical removal of one or more parathyroid glands.
pituitary adenomaBenign epithelia neoplasm of the pituitary.
progesteroneA sex hormone produced by the ovaries.
PTHparathyroid hormone
SIADHsyndrome of inappropriate diuretic hormone
TSHthyroid-stimulating hormone

Authors and Reviewers

Authored by Dr. Barbara A. Erickson
Medically reviewed by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD
Last Update: 12/18/2022

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