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Medical TermDescription
-globincontaining protein
-philiaaffinity for
-schisiscleft, split
-tensionstretched, strained
-volemiablood volume
AAAabdominal aortic aneurysm
ABIankle-brachial index
ABOthree basic blood groups
aBParterial blood pressure
AC (2)anticoagulent
ACLSadvanced cardiac life support
AEDautomated external defibrillator
AFatrial fibrillation
Afibatrial fibrillation
AHFantihemophilic factor
AIHAautoimmune hemolytic anemia
AIVRaccelerated idioventricular rhythm
AMIacute myocardial infarction
angiocardiographyRadiography of the heart and great vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
APAantipernicious anemia factor
ASaortic stenosis
ASDatrial septal defect
AULacute undifferentiated leukemia
AVBatrioventricular block
AVRaccelerated ventricular rhythm
BBBbundle branch block
BCLSbasic cardiac life support
BMTbone marrow transplant
bone marrowThe soft, spongy tissue filling the cavities of bones. Its primary function is to produce erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets.
BPblood pressure
BPdblood pressure diastolic
bpmbeats per minute
BPsblood pressure systolic
bruitA murmur heard while auscultating the carotid artery.
CABGcoronary artery bypass graft
CADcoronary artery disease
CBCcomplete blood count
CHBcomplete heart block
CHDcongenital heart disease; coronary heart disease
CHFcongestive heart failure
CoAg.coarctation of the aorta
coagul/ocoagulation, clotting
coronary occlusionObstruction of blood flow through one of the coronary arteries.
CVPcentral venous pressure
CVScardiovascular system
DBPdiastolic blood pressure
DICdisseminated intravascular coagulation
DNRdo not resuscitate
DVTdeep vein thrombosis
EFejection fraction
electrocardiographyThe process of recording the electrical activity of the heart.
FFPfresh frozen plasma
fibrillationA rapid twitching of muscle fibers, particularly of the heart, caused by the abnormal electrical impulses.
HBPhigh blood pressure
HDLhigh-density lipoprotein
heart blockImpaired conduction of cardiac impulse that can occur anywhere along the conduction pathway, such as between the sinoatrial node and the right atrium (SA block) or between atria and ventricles (AV block).
heart failureA heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body.
heart murmursHeart sounds caused by vibrations resulting from the flow of blood through the heart.
heart soundsThe sounds heard over the cardiac region produced by the functioning of the heart.
heart valvesFlaps of tissue that prevent regurgitation of blood from the ventricles to the atria or from the pulmonary arteries or aorta to the ventricles.
HFheart failure
HRheart rate
ICDimplantable cardiac defibrillator
jugular veinsLarge veins in the neck which return blood from the brain, face, and neck to the heart. Each side of the neck has two jugular veins, external and internal.
JVDjugular venous distention
JVPjugular venous pulse
LADleft anterior decending
LBBBleft bundle branch block
LDLlow-density lipoprotein
LVleft ventricle
LVADleft ventricular assist device
LVHleft ventricular hypertrophy
MAPmean arterial pressure
MCHmean corpuscular hemoglobin
MCVmean corpuscular volume
MImyocardial infarction
MRAmagnetic resonance angiography
MS (2)mitral stenosis
MVmitral valve
MVPmitral valve prolapse
NSRnormal sinus rhythm
PACpremature atrial contraction
pacemakerA device designed to use electric impulses to simulate heart contractions.
PADperipheral arterial disease
PAFplatelet activating factor
PALSpediatric advanced life support
PATparoxysmal atrial tachycardia
PDApatent ductus arteriosus
PEApulseless electrical activity
perfusionDelivery of blood to the capillaries.
phlebotomyThe techniques used to draw blood from a vein for diagnostic purposes.
PMNpolymorphonuclear (neutrophil leukocyte)
PNHparoxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
PRBCpacked red blood cells
PSVTparoxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
PTCApercutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PTTpartial thromboplastin time
puls/obeating, to beat
RAD (2)right anterior descending
radial arteryAn artery in the forearm that starts at the bifurcation of the brachial artery and passing in branches to the forearm, wrist, and hand.
Raynaud diseaseAn idiopathic vascular disorder of small arteries and arterioles.
RBBBright bundle branch block
RBCred blood cell; red blood count
Rhrhesus factor
RHDrheumatic heart disease
rhe/ostream, flow, electric current
s-t segmentThe segment on an EKG tracing that represents the interval between the end of ventricular depolarization and the beginning of ventricular repolarization.
S1first heart sound
S2second heart sound
S3third heart sound
S4fourth heart sound
SBPsystolic blood pressure
sinus rhythmA normal heart rhythm as indicated on an EKG tracing.
souffleA soft blowing sound heard with a stethoscope.
SSSsick sinus syndrome
STHsomatotropic hormone
SVTsupraventricular tachycardia
TBVtotal blood volume
TETtetralogy of Fallot
thrillA vibratory, ringing sound. Sometimes used to describe a heart murmur.
VADvenous assist device
vascul/oblood vessel
VCTvenous clotting time=
VFventricular fibrillation
Vfibventricular fibrillation
VLDLvery low density lipoprotein
VSDventricular septal defect
VTventricular tachycardia
white coat hypertensionPhenomenon where blood pressure readings are elevated only when taken in clinical settings.
WPWWolff-Parkinson-White syndrome

Authors and Reviewers

Authored by Dr. Barbara A. Erickson
Medically reviewed by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD
Last Update: 12/18/2022

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