Number of respiratory-iii flashcards: 54
Number of respiratory-iii flashcards studied: 0

Shorten your study time by using an optional free account (no credit card needed). This allows our system to use spaced repetition, our best smart flashcard feature. Use the Join button in the menubar.

Start Flashcard Study Return to Medical Terminology homepage
Medical TermDescription
abdominal thrustsA maneuver for treating choking by using quick, forceful thrusts of fisted hands upward and inward toward the diaphragm. Commonly known as the Heimlich maneuver.
adenoidectomySurgical removal of the adenoids.
air sacsThin-walled spaces including the alveoli connected to one terminal bronchiole.
albuterolA short-acting beta-2 adrenergic agonist that is primarily used as a bronchodilator agent to treat asthma.
alveolitisAn inflammation of the alveoli. Caused by inhalation of an allergen.
aminophyllineA bronchodilator. Used to treat asthma and COPD.
anthracosisA chronic lung disease caused by inhaled coal dust. Occurs in coal miners but also in tobacco smokers.
anthraxAn acute infectious disease of hoofed animals and humans. Infection in humans often involves the skin , lungs or gastrointestinal tract.
apneaA temporary cessation of spontaneous respiration.
bronchoconstrictionNarrowing of the lumen of the bronchi restricting airway into and out of the lungs.
bronchopulmonaryPertaining to the bronchi and lungs.
bronchospasmExcessive narrowing of the smooth muscles of the bronchi. Can be heard as a wheezing sound.
capnographyContinuous recording of the concentration of carbon dioxide in exhaled air.
carbon monoxideA colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that is very poisonous.
cheyne-stokes respirationAn abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by apnea followed by increasingly deep, rapid breathing.
coarse crackleAn abnormal breath sound that is discontinuous, brief and popping.
consolidationThe state of the lung when alveoli are filled with fluid, as in pneumonia.
coughA sudden, audible exhalation of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis. It serves to clear the airways or lungs of irritants or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials.
decongestantA substance that reduces nasal congestion.
epiglottitisInflammation of the epiglottis.
exhalationBreathing out.
glottisThe vocal apparatus of the larynx, situated in the middle section of the larynx.
hemopneumothoraxCollection both blood and air in the pleural cavity.
hiccupA spasm of the diaphragm that causes a sudden inhalation followed by rapid closure of the glottis which produces a sound. Also called singultus.
hoarsenessAn unnaturally rough quality of voice.
hyperventilationBreathing faster or deeper than is metabolically necessary causing an excessive intake of oxygen and a reduction carbon dioxide level in arterial blood.
hypocapniaDeficiency of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
inhalationBreathing in.
laryngomalaciaAn abnormally underdeveloped or degenerated cartilage in the larynx.
laryngoplastyPlastic repair of the larynx.
legionnaires diseaseAn acute bacterial infection of the lungs characterized by high fever, malaise, muscle aches, respiratory disorders and headache.
naresAn external opening in the nasal cavity. A nostril.
nasal cavityThe proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the nasal septum. On inhalation the air is warmed, moistened, smelled and filtered.
nasal decongestantsDrugs designed to treat inflammation of the nasal passages.
nasal lavageIrrigation of the nose with saline or irrigation solutions to remove irritants, allergens or microorganisms from the nose.
nasal septumThe partition separating the two nasal cavities in the midplane.
nasopharynxThe top portion of the pharynx situated posterior to the nose and superior to the soft palate.
orthopneaDyspnea when lying flat.
phonationTo vocalize.
pneo-air, breath, breathing
pneumocyteAny of the epithelial cells lining the alveoli of the lung.
pneumonitisInflammation of lung tissue.
pneumoperitoneumPresence of air or gas in the peritoneal cavity.
pulmonary infarctionnecrosis of lung tissue that is cause by the lack of oxygen or blood supply. The most common cause of pulmonary infarction is a blood clot in the lung.
rhinomanometryTechnique for measuring airflow and pressure in the nasal cavity during respiration.
rhinosporidiosisChronic, localized fungal infection of mucocutaneous tissues, especially the nose.
rhonchiA coarse rattling breath sound somewhat similar to snoring.
sialomucinsA subcategory of mucins that contain sialic acid.
siderosisA form of pneumoconiosis resulting from inhalation of iron in mining dust or welding fumes.
silicosisA form of pneumoconiosis resulting from prolonged inhalation of silica dust.
stridorA very loud, wheezing breath sound heard when the trachea or larynx is obstructed.
vital capacityThe volume of air that is exhaled by a maximal expiration following a maximal inspiration.
wheezeAdventitious lung sounds that are continuous with a musical quality. They can be high or low pitched.
yawningAn involuntary deep inhalation with the mouth open, often accompanied by the act of stretching.

Authors and Reviewers

Authored by Dr. Barbara A. Erickson
Medically reviewed by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD
Last Update: 12/18/2022

? v:1 | onAr:0 | onPs:2 | tLb:0 | pv:1
uStat: False | db:0 | cc: | tar: False
| cDbLookup # 0 | pu: False | pl: System.Collections.Generic.List`1[System.String]

An error has occurred. This application may no longer respond until reloaded. Reload 🗙