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Medical TermDescription
blood urea nitrogenA measure of the concentration of urea in the blood
dysuriaPainful or difficult urination.
endometriumThe mucous membrane comprising the inner layer of the uterine wall.
glomerulusA small tuft of blood capillaries in the kidney that is an integral part of the nephron, the basic unit of the kidney.
glycosuriaThe appearance of an abnormally amount of glucose in the urine.
hypercalciuriaExcretion of abnormally high level of calcium in the urine.
hyperkalemiaAbnormally high potassium concentration in the blood, usually due to acute renal failure.
hyperoxaluriaAbnormally high amounts of oxalates in the urine.
ilealOf or pertaining to the ileum.
intermittencyA urinary tract disorder in which urine flow is not continuous but stops and starts.
ketonuriaPresence of ketone bodies in urine.
lymphuriaThe presence of lymph in urine.
methenamineAn antibacterial compound most commonly used in the treatment of urinary tract infections.
nephritisInflammation of any part of the kidney.
nephrologyA subspecialty of medicine concerned with the kidney.
nephrosclerosisHardening of the kidney due to infiltration by fibrous connective tissue. Usually caused by chronic hypertension.
nephrosisAny degenerative disease of the kidney.
nocturnal enuresisInvoluntary discharge of urine during sleep at night after expected age of completed development of urinary control.
perinephritisInflammation of the connective and adipose tissues surrounding the KIDNEY.
prostatismLower urinary tract symptom, such as slow urinary stream, associated with prostatic hyperplasia in older men.
prostatitisInflammation of the prostate gland.
pyelectasisDilation of the pelvis of the kidney.
pyelitisInflammation of the renal pelvis.
pyelocystitisInflammation of the kidney pelvis and the urinary bladder.
pyelonephritisInflammation of the kidney involving the renal parenchyma (the nephrons), kidney pelvis and kidney calices. It is characterized by abdominal pain, fever, nausea, vomiting and occasionally diarrhea.
pyonephrosisDistention of kidney with the presence of pus and destruction of the renal parenchyma. It is often associated with renal obstruction and can lead to total or nearly total loss of renal function.
ureterOne of a pair of tubes that transports urine from the kidney pelvis to the urinary bladder.
ureteralPertaining to the ureter.
ureteroceleA cystic dilatation of the end of a ureter as it enters into the urinary bladder. It may obstruct urine flow.
ureterolithiasisFormation of stones in the ureter.
ureterostomySurgical creation of an external opening in the ureter for external drainage of the urine.
urethraA tube that transports urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body in both the sexes. It also has a reproductive function in the male by providing a passage for sperm.
urethralPertaining to the urethra.
urinalysisLaboratory analysis of urine by chemical, physical, or microscopic means.
urochesiaPassage of urine through the rectum.
urolithA stone in the urinary tract.
urolithiasisFormation of stones in any part of the urinary tract, usually in the kidney, urinary bladder or the ureter.
urologicPertaining to urology.
urotheliumThe epithelial lining of the urinary tract.

Authors and Reviewers

Authored by Dr. Barbara A. Erickson
Medically reviewed by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD
Last Update: 12/18/2022

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