Number of muscular-iii flashcards: 21
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Medical TermDescription
actomyosinA protein complex of actin and myosin occurring in muscle. It is the essential contractile substance of muscle.
anconeusA small triangular muscle behind the elbow. Its function is to extend the forearm.
antispasmodicA drug used to treat smooth muscle spasms in the digestive system, uterus or urinary tract.
astasiaThe inability, without physical cause, to stand or sit without assistance.
baclofenA muscle relaxing drug.
dantroleneMuscle relaxant drug.
epimysiumThe fibrous connective tissue surrounding a skeletal muscle.
masseter muscleThe thick rectangular muscle in the cheek that functions to close the jaw.
myomaA benign neoplasm of the muscles.
myositisInflammation of a muscle or muscle tissue.
myotoniaTonic muscle spasm or muscular rigidity.
myotonicPertaining to muscle tone.
obturator muscleEither of the two muscles that cover the outer surface of the anterior wall of the pelvis, responsible for rotating the thighs outward.
pectus carinatumThe chest or breast.
pyomyositisAn acute, intramuscular suppuration of the large skeletal muscle groups.
rhabdomyomaA rare, benign neoplasm derived from striated muscle.
rhabdomyosarcomaMalignant neoplasm derived from skeletal (striated) muscle.
soleusA flat, broad muscle in the calf of the leg.
tetanyA disorder consisting of muscle spasms, cramps and twitching. Tetany usually results from hypocalcemia.
tibialisThe of two muscles in the leg that extend from the tibia to the metatarsal bones of the foot.
tonicPertaining to normal muscle tone.

Authors and Reviewers

Authored by Dr. Barbara A. Erickson
Medically reviewed by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD
Last Update: 12/18/2022

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