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Medical TermDescription
adenitisInflammation of a lymph node resulting in swelling or pain.
adenomaA benign epithelial tumor with a glandular structure
adenovirusVirus responsible for upper respiratory tract infections, conjunctivitis, cystitis or GI infection.
antibodiesImmunoglobulin molecules produced in lymphoid tissue that attack the antigen that induced their synthesis.
antigensSubstances that are recognized by the immune system and induce an immune reaction.
antiviralDestroying a virus or suppressing replication.
autoantibodyAn antibody that react with self-antigens of the organism that produced them.
autoantigensEndogenous tissue constituents that have the ability to interact with autoantibodies and cause an immune response.
autoimmuneDisorder of the immune system in which an immune response is created against the body's own tissues.
autoimmunityProcess whereby the immune system reacts against the body's own tissues.
cervical cancerA neoplasm of the cervix of the uterus.
chemotherapyTreatment of cancer and other diseases by means of chemical agents.
cytokinesSubstances, such as interferon, interleukin, and growth factors, that are secreted by certain cells of the immune system that act as intercellular mediators.
dengueAn acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes. It occurs in tropical regions and is characterized by fever, severe pain, headache and rash.
epitopeAny site on an antigen that interact with specific antibodies.
hivHuman immunodeficiency virus.
hypersensitivityAbnormally high response to an antigen.
immunityProtection from diseases, particularly infectious diseases.
immunizationA process for building or augmenting resistance to an infectious disease.
interferonA class of small protein and glycoprotein cytokines produced by T cells, fibroblasts, and other cells in response to viral infection and other biologic and synthetic stimuli.
lymphadenopathyInflammation of the lymph nodes causing enlargement.
lymphangiectasisA transient dilatation of the lymphatic vessels.
lymphangiosarcomaA malignant neoplasm originating from the endothelial cells of lymphatic vessels.
lymphoceleCystic mass containing lymph.
lymphocytosisAn abnormal increase in the number of lymphocytes in the blood.
lymphopeniaDecrease in the number of lymphocytes of the blood.
preleukemiaConditions in which the abnormalities in the peripheral blood or bone marrow represent the early manifestations of acute leukemia, but in which the changes are not of sufficient magnitude or specificity to permit a diagnosis of acute leukemia by the usual clinical criteria.
scrofulaTuberculosis affecting the lymph nodes, particularly the neck.
splenectomySurgical procedure involving either partial or entire removal of the spleen.
splenitisInflammation of the spleen.
thymocytesLymphocyte arising in the thymus.
thymomaA neoplasm originating from thymic tissue, usually benign, and frequently encapsulated.
vaccinationAdministration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response.
vaccineA suspension of killed or attenuated microorganisms administered for the prevention or treatment of infection.

Authors and Reviewers

Authored by Dr. Barbara A. Erickson
Medically reviewed by Dr. Jonathan Keroes, MD
Last Update: 12/18/2022

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