Auscultation in Primary Care

Third Heart Sound Gallop

A third heart sound occurs early in diastole. In young people and athletes it is a normal phenomenon. In older individuals it indicates the presence of congestive heart failure.

The third heart sound is caused by a sudden deceleration of blood flow into the left ventricle from the left atrium. In the anatomy tab you will see a thin-walled, dilated left ventricle with generalized decreased vigor of contraction.

In the presence of a third heart sound (S3) the first heart sound is decreased in intensity while the second heart sound is increased in intensity.

The third heart sound is a low frequency sound best heard with the bell of the stethoscope pressed lightly on the skin of the chest.

maneuver image
Maneuver:Supine
Chestpiece Position:Mitral
Chestpiece:Bell


This website is intended for use by medical professionals for educational purposes only. For medical care, contact a healthcare provider. Copyright 2017 © Medical Training and Simulation LLC. All Rights Reserved.

This website is intended for use by medical professionals for educational purposes only. For medical care, contact a healthcare provider. Copyright 2017 © Medical Training and Simulation LLC. All Rights Reserved.