Extra Heart Sounds (S3 and S4)

Third and Fourth Heart Sound Gallop

Both the third and fourth heart sounds (S3 and S4) are low frequency. S4 is lower than S3.

This is a pattern that occurs with improvement of heart failure. That is, an S3 pattern gives way to an S3 S4 pattern as the patient improves.

maneuver image
Maneuver:Supine
Chestpiece Position:Mitral
Chestpiece:Bell


This website is intended for use by medical professionals for educational purposes only. For medical care, contact a healthcare provider. Copyright 2017 © Medical Training and Simulation LLC. All Rights Reserved.

This website is intended for use by medical professionals for educational purposes only. For medical care, contact a healthcare provider. Copyright 2017 © Medical Training and Simulation LLC. All Rights Reserved.